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Time-Resolved Raman Spectroscopy of Hexafluorobenzene (C6F6) under Laser-Driven Shock Compression

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JournalJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
DateAccepted/In press - 27 Jan 2021
DatePublished (current) - 1 Feb 2021
Volume263
Number of pages9
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Hexafluorobenzene is used as a cooling fluid in nuclear reactors, production of pharmaceutical compounds and in prognostic biomarkers. It is useful to understand the dynamics of Hexafluorobenzene under extreme conditions. For the first time, we have performed Time-resolved Raman Spectroscopy of laser shocked Hexafluorobenzene using a pump-probe technique to study the effect of high pressure at the molecular level and possible phase transitions. A 2 J / 8 ns Nd: YAG laser system is used for generating shock pressures of up to 4.5 GPa in the sample in a confined geometry. Three prominent modes at 370 cm -1 (e 1g fundamental mode or ν 10 ), 445 cm -1 (e 2g fundamental mode or ν 6 ) and 560 cm -1 (a 1g fundamental mode or ν 1 ) exhibit blue shift with scaling factors of 370 + 0.88 P(GPa), 445 +1.22P(GPa) and 560 +1.93P(GPa) respectively. A liquid→Phase-II phase transition is observed at a pressure of 0.9 GPa which is very close to the 0.8 GPa pressure at which a phase transition has been reported to occur under static compression. The shock velocity in Hexafluorobenzene at a laser energy of 300 mJ and 500 mJ is calculated by measuring the intensity ratio of Raman modes emerging from the shocked region to that of the whole sample. To validate the experimental results, 1-D radiation hydrodynamics simulations are also performed. Experimentally obtained shock velocities, at a laser intensity of 1.47 GW/cm 2 (300 mJ) and 2.46 GW/cm 2 (500 mJ), are 2.54 km/s and 3.65 km/s respectively which are in close agreement with simulation results of 2.98 km/s and 3.84 km/s respectively. Gruneisen parameters corresponding to the three modes are also calculated which are 0.00950 ±0.0140 (ν 10 mode), 0.0433 ± 0.0060 (ν 6 mode), and 0.0561 ± 0.0044 (ν 1 mode) respectively.

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