By the same authors

Tobacco cultivation as a driver of land use change and degradation in the miombo woodlands of south-west Tanzania

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Tobacco cultivation as a driver of land use change and degradation in the miombo woodlands of south-west Tanzania. / Jew, Eleanor K.K.; Dougill, Andrew J.; Sallu, Susannah M.

In: Land Degradation and Development, Vol. 28, No. 8, 01.11.2017, p. 2636-2645.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Jew, EKK, Dougill, AJ & Sallu, SM 2017, 'Tobacco cultivation as a driver of land use change and degradation in the miombo woodlands of south-west Tanzania', Land Degradation and Development, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 2636-2645. https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2827

APA

Jew, E. K. K., Dougill, A. J., & Sallu, S. M. (2017). Tobacco cultivation as a driver of land use change and degradation in the miombo woodlands of south-west Tanzania. Land Degradation and Development, 28(8), 2636-2645. https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2827

Vancouver

Jew EKK, Dougill AJ, Sallu SM. Tobacco cultivation as a driver of land use change and degradation in the miombo woodlands of south-west Tanzania. Land Degradation and Development. 2017 Nov 1;28(8):2636-2645. https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2827

Author

Jew, Eleanor K.K. ; Dougill, Andrew J. ; Sallu, Susannah M. / Tobacco cultivation as a driver of land use change and degradation in the miombo woodlands of south-west Tanzania. In: Land Degradation and Development. 2017 ; Vol. 28, No. 8. pp. 2636-2645.

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@article{06b020792b8b4cf4a120bbecf7ad1ae2,
title = "Tobacco cultivation as a driver of land use change and degradation in the miombo woodlands of south-west Tanzania",
abstract = "Miombo woodlands support agriculture, biodiversity, and multiple ecosystem services across an extensive part of sub-Saharan Africa. Miombo is frequently overutilised with deforestation and degradation resulting in significant land use and land cover change (LULCC). Understanding the drivers of LULCC is essential to achieving sustainable land management in miombo woodland regions. Within a remote miombo area of south-west Tanzania in the Kipembawe Division, Mbeya Region, social survey and ecological data were used to identify the direct and indirect drivers of LULCC. Our findings show that tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) production results in an estimated annual deforestation rate of 4,134 ± 390 ha of undisturbed miombo woodland, of which 56.3 ± 11.8{\%} is linked to the post-harvest curing process. This deforestation represents 0.55 ± 0.06{\%} of the wooded area of the Kipembawe Division. The perception of high incomes from tobacco cultivation has encouraged migration of both agriculturalists and pastoralists into the area, resulting in higher livestock numbers that lead to further degradation. Higher human populations need more woodland resources such as fuelwood and building materials and more farmland for food crops. Continued deforestation will reduce the long-term profitability of tobacco cultivation due to a lack of fuel to cure the crop and could render production unviable. Action is urgently needed to conserve globally important biodiversity resources while enabling agricultural and pastoral activities to continue. Improved governance, together with sustainable land management strategies and diversification of livelihood strategies, can reduce dependence on tobacco cultivation and contribute to a sustainable future for this ecoregion.",
keywords = "biodiversity, carbon, in-migration, mixed methods, pastoralism",
author = "Jew, {Eleanor K.K.} and Dougill, {Andrew J.} and Sallu, {Susannah M.}",
note = "{\circledC} 2017 The Authors",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ldr.2827",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "2636--2645",
journal = "Land Degradation and Development",
issn = "1085-3278",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "8",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tobacco cultivation as a driver of land use change and degradation in the miombo woodlands of south-west Tanzania

AU - Jew, Eleanor K.K.

AU - Dougill, Andrew J.

AU - Sallu, Susannah M.

N1 - © 2017 The Authors

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Miombo woodlands support agriculture, biodiversity, and multiple ecosystem services across an extensive part of sub-Saharan Africa. Miombo is frequently overutilised with deforestation and degradation resulting in significant land use and land cover change (LULCC). Understanding the drivers of LULCC is essential to achieving sustainable land management in miombo woodland regions. Within a remote miombo area of south-west Tanzania in the Kipembawe Division, Mbeya Region, social survey and ecological data were used to identify the direct and indirect drivers of LULCC. Our findings show that tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) production results in an estimated annual deforestation rate of 4,134 ± 390 ha of undisturbed miombo woodland, of which 56.3 ± 11.8% is linked to the post-harvest curing process. This deforestation represents 0.55 ± 0.06% of the wooded area of the Kipembawe Division. The perception of high incomes from tobacco cultivation has encouraged migration of both agriculturalists and pastoralists into the area, resulting in higher livestock numbers that lead to further degradation. Higher human populations need more woodland resources such as fuelwood and building materials and more farmland for food crops. Continued deforestation will reduce the long-term profitability of tobacco cultivation due to a lack of fuel to cure the crop and could render production unviable. Action is urgently needed to conserve globally important biodiversity resources while enabling agricultural and pastoral activities to continue. Improved governance, together with sustainable land management strategies and diversification of livelihood strategies, can reduce dependence on tobacco cultivation and contribute to a sustainable future for this ecoregion.

AB - Miombo woodlands support agriculture, biodiversity, and multiple ecosystem services across an extensive part of sub-Saharan Africa. Miombo is frequently overutilised with deforestation and degradation resulting in significant land use and land cover change (LULCC). Understanding the drivers of LULCC is essential to achieving sustainable land management in miombo woodland regions. Within a remote miombo area of south-west Tanzania in the Kipembawe Division, Mbeya Region, social survey and ecological data were used to identify the direct and indirect drivers of LULCC. Our findings show that tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) production results in an estimated annual deforestation rate of 4,134 ± 390 ha of undisturbed miombo woodland, of which 56.3 ± 11.8% is linked to the post-harvest curing process. This deforestation represents 0.55 ± 0.06% of the wooded area of the Kipembawe Division. The perception of high incomes from tobacco cultivation has encouraged migration of both agriculturalists and pastoralists into the area, resulting in higher livestock numbers that lead to further degradation. Higher human populations need more woodland resources such as fuelwood and building materials and more farmland for food crops. Continued deforestation will reduce the long-term profitability of tobacco cultivation due to a lack of fuel to cure the crop and could render production unviable. Action is urgently needed to conserve globally important biodiversity resources while enabling agricultural and pastoral activities to continue. Improved governance, together with sustainable land management strategies and diversification of livelihood strategies, can reduce dependence on tobacco cultivation and contribute to a sustainable future for this ecoregion.

KW - biodiversity

KW - carbon

KW - in-migration

KW - mixed methods

KW - pastoralism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032988962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ldr.2827

DO - 10.1002/ldr.2827

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 2636

EP - 2645

JO - Land Degradation and Development

JF - Land Degradation and Development

SN - 1085-3278

IS - 8

ER -