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Toward an integrated straw-based biorefinery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published copy (DOI)


  • Fabien E. I. Deswarte
  • James H. Clark
  • Ashley J. Wilson
  • Jeff J. E. Hardy
  • Ray Marriott
  • Surinder P. Chahal
  • Charles Jackson
  • Graham Heslop
  • Michael Birkett
  • Toby J. Bruce
  • Geoff Whiteley


Publication details

Journal Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining
DatePublished - Dec 2007
Issue number4
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)245-254
Original languageEnglish


Straw is a good example of a low-value, high-volume agricultural by-product that can be the basis for a biorefinery, which should aim ( to be truly sustainable and economically viable) to process the feedstock into a variety of valuable products cleanly and efficiently. This article discusses a clean technology - supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, which can represent an ideal initial processing stage in a biorefinery supplied with wheat straw or any appropriate biofeedstock. It also describes different biorefining scenarios and determines the potential economic benefits that might result from a coordinated structure. This working example is the culmination of four years of research undertaken by a consortium led by the University of York and consisting of a number of industrial and academic partners across the supply chain. (C) 2007 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

    Research areas

  • wheat, straw, biorefining, waxes, energy, chemicals, materials, WHEAT-STRAW, APHID, SEMIOCHEMICALS, EXTRACTIVES, POLICOSANOL, CHEMISTRY, PITCH, ASH, CO2

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