Towards Twin-Driven Engineering: Overview of the State-of-The-Art and Research Directions

Massimo Tisi, Hugo Bruneliere*, Juan de Lara, Davide Di Ruscio, Dimitris Kolovos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are complex physical systems interacting with a considerable number of distributed computing elements for monitoring, control and management. They are currently becoming larger as Cyber-Physical Systems of Systems (CPSoS), since many industrial companies are transitioning their complex systems of systems to software-intensive solutions in different domains such as production or manufacturing. Following the development and dissemination of DevOps approaches in the Software Engineering world, we propose the Twin-Driven Engineering (TDE) paradigm as a way to upgrade the role of Digital Twins (DT) to become a central point in all the engineering activities on the CPSoS, from design to decommissioning. Since CPSoS can be highly heterogeneous, we rather target the support for producing and maintaining a single integrated virtual representation of the CPSoS (i.e. a System of Twins) on which it is possible to perform global reasoning, analysis and verification. However, such a new paradigm comes with several open research challenges. We provide an overview of the state-of-the-art in key areas related to TDE. We identify under-investigated problems in related work and outline corresponding research directions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Production Management Systems. Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable and Resilient Production Systems - IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2021, Proceedings
EditorsAlexandre Dolgui, Alain Bernard, David Lemoine, Gregor von Cieminski, David Romero
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783030858735
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2021
EventIFIP WG 5.7 International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems, APMS 2021 - Nantes, France
Duration: 5 Sept 20219 Sept 2021

Publication series

NameIFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology
Volume630 IFIP
ISSN (Print)1868-4238
ISSN (Electronic)1868-422X


ConferenceIFIP WG 5.7 International Conference on Advances in Production Management Systems, APMS 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing.


  • Cyber-physical systems
  • Research directions
  • State-of-the-Art
  • Systems of systems
  • Twin-driven engineering

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