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Transboundary initiatives for controlling sulfur, and possible lessons for CO2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle



Publication details

JournalInternational journal of environment and pollution
DatePublished - 1997
Issue number1-2
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)37-49
Original languageEnglish


This paper addresses the concept of joint implementation as it relates to the Oslo Protocol of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. It introduces the complexity of emissions trading arising from the spatial nature of the pollutant, describes a system for establishing sulfur emission 'exchange rates' between host and donor parties, and illustrates these concepts using a hypothetical trading relationship between Sweden and Estonia. The paper highlights the fact that these trading relations are highly dependent on the formal rules and conditions under which joint implementation might operate. Finally, it compares the sulfur case with the case of emission abatement under the Framework Convention on Climate Change.

    Research areas

  • climate change, emissions trading, joint implementation, sulfur

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