Triangles with prime hypotenuse

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JournalResearch in Number Theory
DateAccepted/In press - 26 Jun 2017
DatePublished (current) - 9 Oct 2017
Issue number21
Number of pages10
Original languageEnglish


The sequence 3,5,9,11,15,19,21,25,29,35,… consists of odd legs in right triangles with integer side lengths and prime hypotenuse. We show that the upper density of this sequence is zero, with logarithmic decay. The same estimate holds for the sequence of even legs in such triangles. We expect our upper bound, which involves the Erd\H{o}s--Ford--Tenenbaum constant, to be sharp up to a double-logarithmic factor. We also provide a nontrivial lower bound. Our techniques involve sieve methods, the distribution of Gaussian primes in narrow sectors, and the Hardy--Ramanujan inequality.

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