By the same authors

From the same journal

Ultrafast electron kinetics in short pulse laser-driven dense hydrogen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published copy (DOI)


  • U. Zastrau
  • P. Sperling
  • C. Fortmann-Grote
  • A. Becker
  • T. Bornath
  • R. Bredow
  • T. Döppner
  • T. Fennel
  • L. B. Fletcher
  • E. Förster
  • S. Göde
  • G. Gregori
  • M. Harmand
  • V. Hilbert
  • T. Laarmann
  • H. J. Lee
  • T. Ma
  • K. H. Meiwes-Broer
  • J. P. Mithen
  • M. Nakatsutsumi
  • P. Neumayer
  • A. Przystawik
  • S. Skruszewicz
  • J. Tiggesbäumker
  • S. Toleikis
  • T. G. White
  • S. H. Glenzer
  • R. Redmer
  • T. Tschentscher


Publication details

JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
DatePublished - 25 Sep 2015
Issue number22
Original languageEnglish


Dense cryogenic hydrogen is heated by intense femtosecond infrared laser pulses at intensities of 1015-1016 Wcm-2. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations predict that this heating is limited to the skin depth, causing an inhomogeneously heated outer shell with a cold core and two prominent temperatures of about 25 and 40 eV for simulated delay times up to +70 fs after the laser pulse maximum. Experimentally, the time-integrated emitted bremsstrahlung in the spectral range of 8-18 nm was corrected for the wavelength-dependent instrument efficiency. The resulting spectrum cannot be fit with a single temperature bremsstrahlung model, and the best fit is obtained using two temperatures of about 13 and 30 eV. The lower temperatures in the experiment can be explained by missing energy-loss channels in the simulations, as well as the inclusion of hot, non- Maxwellian electrons in the temperature calculation. We resolved the time-scale for laser-heating of hydrogen, and PIC results for laser-matter interaction were successfully tested against the experiment data.

    Research areas

  • absorption, and scattering of electromagnetic radiation, electron collisions, emission, plasma production and heating by laser beams

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