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From the same journal

Ultrahigh Numerical Aperture Metalens at Visible Wavelengths

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Ultrahigh Numerical Aperture Metalens at Visible Wavelengths. / Liang, Haowen; Lin, Qiaoling; Xie, Xiangsheng; Sun, Qian; Wang, Yin; Zhou, Lidan; Liu, Lin; Yu, Xiangyang; Zhou, Jianying; Krauss, Thomas F.; Li, Juntao.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 18, No. 7, 11.07.2018, p. 4460-4466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Liang, H, Lin, Q, Xie, X, Sun, Q, Wang, Y, Zhou, L, Liu, L, Yu, X, Zhou, J, Krauss, TF & Li, J 2018, 'Ultrahigh Numerical Aperture Metalens at Visible Wavelengths', Nano Letters, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 4460-4466. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b01570

APA

Liang, H., Lin, Q., Xie, X., Sun, Q., Wang, Y., Zhou, L., Liu, L., Yu, X., Zhou, J., Krauss, T. F., & Li, J. (2018). Ultrahigh Numerical Aperture Metalens at Visible Wavelengths. Nano Letters, 18(7), 4460-4466. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b01570

Vancouver

Liang H, Lin Q, Xie X, Sun Q, Wang Y, Zhou L et al. Ultrahigh Numerical Aperture Metalens at Visible Wavelengths. Nano Letters. 2018 Jul 11;18(7):4460-4466. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b01570

Author

Liang, Haowen ; Lin, Qiaoling ; Xie, Xiangsheng ; Sun, Qian ; Wang, Yin ; Zhou, Lidan ; Liu, Lin ; Yu, Xiangyang ; Zhou, Jianying ; Krauss, Thomas F. ; Li, Juntao. / Ultrahigh Numerical Aperture Metalens at Visible Wavelengths. In: Nano Letters. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 7. pp. 4460-4466.

Bibtex - Download

@article{c308d86d1847461bb918dfb5e3e1342d,
title = "Ultrahigh Numerical Aperture Metalens at Visible Wavelengths",
abstract = "Subwavelength imaging requires the use of high numerical aperture (NA) lenses together with immersion liquids in order to achieve the highest possible resolution. Following exciting recent developments in metasurfaces that have achieved efficient focusing and novel beam-shaping, the race is on to demonstrate ultrahigh-NA metalenses. The highest NA that has been demonstrated so far is NA = 1.1, achieved with a TiO2 metalens and back-immersion. Here, we introduce and demonstrate a metalens with a high NA and high transmission in the visible range, based on crystalline silicon (c-Si). The higher refractive index of silicon compared to TiO2 allows us to push the NA further. The design uses the geometric phase approach also known as the Pancharatnam-Berry (P-B) phase, and we determine the arrangement of nanobricks using a hybrid optimization algorithm (HOA). We demonstrate a metalens with NA = 0.98 in air, a bandwidth (full width at half-maximum, fwhm) of 274 nm, and a focusing efficiency of 67% at 532 nm wavelength, which is close to the transmission performance of a TiO2 metalens. Moreover, and uniquely so, our metalens can be front-immersed into immersion oil and achieve an ultrahigh NA of 1.48 experimentally and 1.73 theoretically, thereby demonstrating the highest NA of any metalens in the visible regime reported to the best of our knowledge. The fabricating process is fully compatible with microelectronic technology and therefore scalable. We envision the front-immersion design to be beneficial for achieving ultrahigh-NA metalenses as well as immersion metalens doublets, thereby pushing metasurfaces into practical applications such as high resolution, low-cost confocal microscopy and achromatic lenses.",
keywords = "crystalline silicon, Dielectric metalens, high numerical aperture, oil immersion",
author = "Haowen Liang and Qiaoling Lin and Xiangsheng Xie and Qian Sun and Yin Wang and Lidan Zhou and Lin Liu and Xiangyang Yu and Jianying Zhou and Krauss, {Thomas F.} and Juntao Li",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2018 American Chemical Society. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher{\textquoteright}s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details",
year = "2018",
month = jul,
day = "11",
doi = "10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b01570",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "4460--4466",
journal = "Nano Letters",
issn = "1530-6984",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "7",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ultrahigh Numerical Aperture Metalens at Visible Wavelengths

AU - Liang, Haowen

AU - Lin, Qiaoling

AU - Xie, Xiangsheng

AU - Sun, Qian

AU - Wang, Yin

AU - Zhou, Lidan

AU - Liu, Lin

AU - Yu, Xiangyang

AU - Zhou, Jianying

AU - Krauss, Thomas F.

AU - Li, Juntao

N1 - © 2018 American Chemical Society. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details

PY - 2018/7/11

Y1 - 2018/7/11

N2 - Subwavelength imaging requires the use of high numerical aperture (NA) lenses together with immersion liquids in order to achieve the highest possible resolution. Following exciting recent developments in metasurfaces that have achieved efficient focusing and novel beam-shaping, the race is on to demonstrate ultrahigh-NA metalenses. The highest NA that has been demonstrated so far is NA = 1.1, achieved with a TiO2 metalens and back-immersion. Here, we introduce and demonstrate a metalens with a high NA and high transmission in the visible range, based on crystalline silicon (c-Si). The higher refractive index of silicon compared to TiO2 allows us to push the NA further. The design uses the geometric phase approach also known as the Pancharatnam-Berry (P-B) phase, and we determine the arrangement of nanobricks using a hybrid optimization algorithm (HOA). We demonstrate a metalens with NA = 0.98 in air, a bandwidth (full width at half-maximum, fwhm) of 274 nm, and a focusing efficiency of 67% at 532 nm wavelength, which is close to the transmission performance of a TiO2 metalens. Moreover, and uniquely so, our metalens can be front-immersed into immersion oil and achieve an ultrahigh NA of 1.48 experimentally and 1.73 theoretically, thereby demonstrating the highest NA of any metalens in the visible regime reported to the best of our knowledge. The fabricating process is fully compatible with microelectronic technology and therefore scalable. We envision the front-immersion design to be beneficial for achieving ultrahigh-NA metalenses as well as immersion metalens doublets, thereby pushing metasurfaces into practical applications such as high resolution, low-cost confocal microscopy and achromatic lenses.

AB - Subwavelength imaging requires the use of high numerical aperture (NA) lenses together with immersion liquids in order to achieve the highest possible resolution. Following exciting recent developments in metasurfaces that have achieved efficient focusing and novel beam-shaping, the race is on to demonstrate ultrahigh-NA metalenses. The highest NA that has been demonstrated so far is NA = 1.1, achieved with a TiO2 metalens and back-immersion. Here, we introduce and demonstrate a metalens with a high NA and high transmission in the visible range, based on crystalline silicon (c-Si). The higher refractive index of silicon compared to TiO2 allows us to push the NA further. The design uses the geometric phase approach also known as the Pancharatnam-Berry (P-B) phase, and we determine the arrangement of nanobricks using a hybrid optimization algorithm (HOA). We demonstrate a metalens with NA = 0.98 in air, a bandwidth (full width at half-maximum, fwhm) of 274 nm, and a focusing efficiency of 67% at 532 nm wavelength, which is close to the transmission performance of a TiO2 metalens. Moreover, and uniquely so, our metalens can be front-immersed into immersion oil and achieve an ultrahigh NA of 1.48 experimentally and 1.73 theoretically, thereby demonstrating the highest NA of any metalens in the visible regime reported to the best of our knowledge. The fabricating process is fully compatible with microelectronic technology and therefore scalable. We envision the front-immersion design to be beneficial for achieving ultrahigh-NA metalenses as well as immersion metalens doublets, thereby pushing metasurfaces into practical applications such as high resolution, low-cost confocal microscopy and achromatic lenses.

KW - crystalline silicon

KW - Dielectric metalens

KW - high numerical aperture

KW - oil immersion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049264651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b01570

DO - 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b01570

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85049264651

VL - 18

SP - 4460

EP - 4466

JO - Nano Letters

JF - Nano Letters

SN - 1530-6984

IS - 7

ER -