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Uncovering Natural Longevity Alleles from Intercrossed Pools of Aging Fission Yeast Cells

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Author(s)

  • David A Ellis
  • Ville Mustonen
  • María Rodríguez-López
  • Charalampos Rallis
  • Michał Malecki
  • Daniel C Jeffares
  • Jürg Bähler

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Publication details

JournalGenetics
DateAccepted/In press - 31 Jul 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 2 Aug 2018
DatePublished (current) - 1 Sep 2018
Issue number4
Volume209
Number of pages39
Early online date2/08/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Quantitative traits often show large variation caused by multiple genetic factors. One such trait is the chronological lifespan of non-dividing yeast cells, serving as a model for cellular aging. Screens for genetic factors involved in ageing typically assay mutants of protein-coding genes. To identify natural genetic variants contributing to cellular aging, we exploited two strains of the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, that differ in chronological lifespan. We generated segregant pools from these strains and subjected them to advanced intercrossing over multiple generations to break up linkage groups. We chronologically aged the intercrossed segregant pool, followed by genome sequencing at different times to detect genetic variants that became reproducibly enriched as a function of age. A region on Chromosome II showed strong positive selection during ageing. Based on expected functions, two candidate variants from this region in the long-lived strain were most promising to be causal: small insertions and deletions in the 5'-untranslated regions of ppk31 and SPBC409.08. Ppk31 is an orthologue of Rim15, a conserved kinase controlling cell proliferation in response to nutrients, while SPBC409.08 is a predicted spermine transmembrane transporter. Both Rim15 and the spermine-precursor, spermidine, are implicated in ageing as they are involved in autophagy-dependent lifespan extension. Single and double allele replacement suggests that both variants, alone or combined, have subtle effects on cellular longevity. Furthermore, deletion mutants of both ppk31 and SPBC409.08 rescued growth defects caused by spermidine. We propose that Ppk31 and SPBC409.08 may function together to modulate lifespan, thus linking Rim15/Ppk31 with spermidine metabolism.

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