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Understanding of the crosstalk between normal residual hematopoietic stem cells and the leukemic niche in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

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JournalExperimental Haematology
DateE-pub ahead of print - 23 Jan 2021
DatePublished (current) - 1 Mar 2021
Volume95
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)23-30
Early online date23/01/21
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease, yet clinically most patients present with pancytopenia resulting from bone marrow failure, predisposing them to life-threatening infections and bleeding. The mechanisms by which AML mediates hematopoietic suppression is not well known. Indeed, much effort has so far been focused on how AML remodels the bone marrow niche to make it a more permissive environment, with less focus on how the remodeled niche affects normal hematopoietic cells. In this perspective, we present evidence of the key role of the bone marrow niche in suppressing hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) during leukemic progression and provide perspectives on how future research on this topic may be exploited to provide treatments for one of the key complications of AML.

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