Unexpected Formation of Organic Siloxanes alongside Ethylphenols in the Catalytic Hydrogenation of Waste Enzymatic Lignin

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Publication details

JournalAdvanced Energy and Sustainability Research
DateSubmitted - 26 Feb 2021
DateAccepted/In press - 27 Apr 2021
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 18 May 2021
Number of pages9
Early online date18/05/21
Original languageEnglish


A multifunctional Ru/SBA-15 catalyst is prepared via impregnation and used in the depolymerization of crude waste corn stover enzymatic lignin (CSEL) to produce monophenols and, unexpectedly, the industrially important organic siloxanes. In the depolymerization of CSEL over Ru/SBA-15, a high phenolic monomer yield of 13.91 wt% with a high selectivity to ethylphenols (≈61%) can be achieved. Unexpectedly, when the reaction is carried out in ethanol, the predictable phenolic products are accompanied by both diethyl dimethyl orthosilicate and tetraethyl orthosilicate with the methyl group likely to come from lignin methoxy groups. Changing to a different alcohol solvent changes the siloxane products accordingly. The characterization of catalysts indicates that Ru0 is the active species in Ru/SBA-15 catalysts and is well dispersed with small particle size (6.2 nm). This catalyst significantly contributes to both the production of phenols and siloxanes and contributes to the hydrogenolysis/hydrogenation of lignin.

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© 2021 The Authors.

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