Urbanization, fertility and child education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Matthias Flückiger*, Markus Ludwig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using individual-level survey data, we show that the urbanization process in today's Sub-Saharan Africa is associated with the fertility transition and increased investment in child education. This is consistent with the experience of the Western economies during their transition from a (post-)Malthusian towards a modern growth regime. The use of individual-level data allows us to analyze structural rural–urban differences, holding constant age and regional characteristics which are potentially confounding factors in regional- and country-level regressions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-102
Number of pages6
JournalEconomics Letters
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jun 2017


  • Fertility
  • Human capital
  • Mortality
  • Structural transition
  • Urbanization

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