Using Corticomuscular and Intermuscular Coherence to Assess Cortical Contribution to Ankle Plantar Flexor Activity During Gait

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published copy (DOI)


  • Peter Jensen
  • Rasmus Frisk
  • Meaghan Elizabeth Spedden
  • Svend Sparre Geertsen
  • Laurent J Bouyer
  • David M Halliday
  • Jens Bo Nielsen


Publication details

JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
DateAccepted/In press - 14 Dec 2018
DatePublished (current) - 18 Jan 2019
Number of pages13
Original languageEnglish


The present study used coherence and directionality analyses to explore whether the motor cortex contributes to plantar flexor muscle activity during the stance phase and push-off phase during gait. Subjects walked on a treadmill, while EEG over the leg motorcortex area and EMG from the medial gastrocnemius and soleus muscles was recorded. Corticomuscular and intermuscular coherence were calculated from pair-wise recordings. Significant EEG-EMG and EMG-EMG coherence in the beta and gamma frequency bands was found throughout the stance phase with the largest coherence towards push-off. Analysis of directionality revealed that EEG activity preceded EMG activity throughout the stance phase until the time of push-off. These findings suggest that the motor cortex contributes to ankle plantar flexor muscle activity and forward propulsion during gait.

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