Using semantic memory to boost 'episodic' recall in a case of developmental amnesia

Karen R Brandt, John M Gardiner, Faraneh Vargha-Khadem, Alan Baddeley, Mortimer Mishkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report two experiments that investigated factors that might boost 'episodic' recall for Jon, a developmental amnesic whose episodic memory is gravely impaired but whose semantic memory seems relatively normal. Experiment 1 showed that Jon's recall improved following a semantic study task compared with a non-semantic study task, as well as following four repeated study trials compared with only one. Experiment 2 additionally revealed that Jon's recall improved after acting compared with reading action phrases at study, but only if the phrases were well integrated semantically. The results provide some support for the hypothesis that Jon's 'episodic' recall depends on the extent to which he is able to retrieve events using semantic memory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1057-60
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroReport
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Amnesia
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Association Learning
  • Cues
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Recall
  • Semantics
  • Verbal Learning

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