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Vascular plant-mediated controls on atmospheric carbon assimilation and peat carbon decomposition under climate change

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

  • Konstantin Gavazov
  • Remy Albrecht
  • Alexandre Buttler
  • Ellen Dorrepaal
  • Mark H. Garnett
  • Sebastien Gogo
  • Frank Hagedorn
  • Robert T.E. Mills
  • Bjorn J.M. Robroek
  • Luca Bragazza

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalGlobal Change Biology
DateAccepted/In press - 6 Mar 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print - 23 Mar 2018
DatePublished (current) - 1 Sep 2018
Issue number9
Volume24
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)3911-3921
Early online date23/03/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Climate change can alter peatland plant community composition by promoting the growth of vascular plants. How such vegetation change affects peatland carbon dynamics remains, however, unclear. In order to assess the effect of vegetation change on carbon uptake and release, we performed a vascular plant-removal experiment in two Sphagnum-dominated peatlands that represent contrasting stages of natural vegetation succession along a climatic gradient. Periodic measurements of net ecosystem CO2 exchange revealed that vascular plants play a crucial role in assuring the potential for net carbon uptake, particularly with a warmer climate. The presence of vascular plants, however, also increased ecosystem respiration, and by using the seasonal variation of respired CO2 radiocarbon (bomb-14C) signature we demonstrate an enhanced heterotrophic decomposition of peat carbon due to rhizosphere priming. The observed rhizosphere priming of peat carbon decomposition was matched by more advanced humification of dissolved organic matter, which remained apparent beyond the plant growing season. Our results underline the relevance of rhizosphere priming in peatlands, especially when assessing the future carbon sink function of peatlands undergoing a shift in vegetation community composition in association with climate change.

    Research areas

  • climate warming, decomposition, ecosystem respiration, elevation gradient, net ecosystem CO exchange, peatlands, rhizosphere priming, vascular plant biomass

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