Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia

Research output: Working paper

Standard

Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia. / Acemoglu, Daron; De Feo, Giuseppe ; De Luca, Giacomo Davide.

2017. (NBER Working Paper; No. 24115).

Research output: Working paper

Harvard

Acemoglu, D, De Feo, G & De Luca, GD 2017 'Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia' NBER Working Paper, no. 24115.

APA

Acemoglu, D., De Feo, G., & De Luca, G. D. (2017). Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia. (NBER Working Paper; No. 24115).

Vancouver

Acemoglu D, De Feo G, De Luca GD. Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia. 2017 Dec. (NBER Working Paper; 24115).

Author

Acemoglu, Daron ; De Feo, Giuseppe ; De Luca, Giacomo Davide. / Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia. 2017. (NBER Working Paper; 24115).

Bibtex - Download

@techreport{ae381673196a48f1afede14a0d103b27,
title = "Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia",
abstract = "We document that the spread of the Mafia in Sicily at the end of the 19th century was in part shaped by the rise of socialist Peasant Fasci organizations. In an environment with weak state presence, this socialist threat triggered landholders, estate managers and local politicians to turn to the Mafia to resist and combat peasant demands. We show that the location of the Peasant Fasci is significantly affected by an exceptionally severe drought in 1893, and using information on rainfall, we establish the causal effect of the Peasant Fasci on the location of the Mafia in 1900. We provide extensive evidence that rainfall before and after this critical period has no effect on the spread of the Mafia or various economic and political outcomes. In the second part of the paper, we use the source of variation in the location of the Mafia in 1900 to estimate its medium-term and long-term effects. We find significant and quantitatively large negative impacts of the Mafia on literacy and various public goods in the 1910s and 20s. We also show a sizable impact of the Mafia on political competition, which could be one of the channels via which it affected local economic outcomes. We document negative effects of the Mafia on longer-term outcomes (in the 1960s, 70s and 80s) as well, but these are in general weaker and often only marginally significant. One exception is its persistent and strong impact on political competition.",
author = "Daron Acemoglu and {De Feo}, Giuseppe and {De Luca}, {Giacomo Davide}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
language = "English",
series = "NBER Working Paper",
number = "24115",
type = "WorkingPaper",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - UNPB

T1 - Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia

AU - Acemoglu, Daron

AU - De Feo, Giuseppe

AU - De Luca, Giacomo Davide

PY - 2017/12

Y1 - 2017/12

N2 - We document that the spread of the Mafia in Sicily at the end of the 19th century was in part shaped by the rise of socialist Peasant Fasci organizations. In an environment with weak state presence, this socialist threat triggered landholders, estate managers and local politicians to turn to the Mafia to resist and combat peasant demands. We show that the location of the Peasant Fasci is significantly affected by an exceptionally severe drought in 1893, and using information on rainfall, we establish the causal effect of the Peasant Fasci on the location of the Mafia in 1900. We provide extensive evidence that rainfall before and after this critical period has no effect on the spread of the Mafia or various economic and political outcomes. In the second part of the paper, we use the source of variation in the location of the Mafia in 1900 to estimate its medium-term and long-term effects. We find significant and quantitatively large negative impacts of the Mafia on literacy and various public goods in the 1910s and 20s. We also show a sizable impact of the Mafia on political competition, which could be one of the channels via which it affected local economic outcomes. We document negative effects of the Mafia on longer-term outcomes (in the 1960s, 70s and 80s) as well, but these are in general weaker and often only marginally significant. One exception is its persistent and strong impact on political competition.

AB - We document that the spread of the Mafia in Sicily at the end of the 19th century was in part shaped by the rise of socialist Peasant Fasci organizations. In an environment with weak state presence, this socialist threat triggered landholders, estate managers and local politicians to turn to the Mafia to resist and combat peasant demands. We show that the location of the Peasant Fasci is significantly affected by an exceptionally severe drought in 1893, and using information on rainfall, we establish the causal effect of the Peasant Fasci on the location of the Mafia in 1900. We provide extensive evidence that rainfall before and after this critical period has no effect on the spread of the Mafia or various economic and political outcomes. In the second part of the paper, we use the source of variation in the location of the Mafia in 1900 to estimate its medium-term and long-term effects. We find significant and quantitatively large negative impacts of the Mafia on literacy and various public goods in the 1910s and 20s. We also show a sizable impact of the Mafia on political competition, which could be one of the channels via which it affected local economic outcomes. We document negative effects of the Mafia on longer-term outcomes (in the 1960s, 70s and 80s) as well, but these are in general weaker and often only marginally significant. One exception is its persistent and strong impact on political competition.

M3 - Working paper

T3 - NBER Working Paper

BT - Weak States: Causes and Consequences of the Sicilian Mafia

ER -