What is a Parasite? Defining reaction and network properties in an open ended automata chemistry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Open-ended novelty is one of the goals of ALife. This provides challenges for analysis as the system evolves. We provide definitions for several emergent properties, such as parasitism and hypercycles, observed to emerge in an RNA world configuration of the Stringmol automata chemistry, and show how these can simultaneously be mathematically simple, capture the complexity of the processes, and be readily implementable.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationArtificial Life Conference Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationThe 2021 Conference on Artificial Life
PublisherMIT Press
Number of pages9
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jul 2021
EventALife 2021, Prague, Czech Republic (virtual), July 2021 -
Duration: 19 Jul 202123 Jul 2021


ConferenceALife 2021, Prague, Czech Republic (virtual), July 2021
Abbreviated titleALife 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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