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From the same journal

Work-hardening Photopolymer from Renewable Photoactive 3,3’-(2,5-Furandiyl)bisacrylic Acid

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Publication details

DateAccepted/In press - 14 Jul 2020
DateE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jul 2020
DatePublished (current) - 24 Aug 2020
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)4140-4150
Early online date29/07/20
Original languageEnglish


The design of a photopolymer around a renewable furan-derived chromophore is presented herein. An optimised semi-continuous oxidation method using MnO2 affords 2,5-diformylfuran from 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural in gram quantities, allowing the subsequent synthesis of 3,3’-(2,5-furandiyl)bisacrylic acid in good yield and excellent stereoselectivity. The photoactivity of the diester of this monomer is confirmed by reaction under UV irradiation, and the proposed [2+2] cycloaddition mechanism supported further by TD-DFT calculations. Oligoesters of the photoreactive furan diacid with various aliphatic diols are prepared via chemo- and enzyme-catalysed polycondensation. The latter enzyme-catalysed (Candida antarctica lipase B) method results in the highest Mn (3.6 kDa), suggesting milder conditions employed with this protocol minimised unwanted side reactions, including untimely [2+2] cycloadditions, whilst preserving the monomer's photoactivity and stereoisomerism. The photoreactive polyester is solvent cast into a film where subsequent initiator-free UV curing leads to an impressive increase in the material stiffness, with work-hardening characteristics observed during tensile strength testing.

Bibliographical note

© 2020 The Authors.

    Research areas

  • density functional theory, enzyme catalysis, furandiyl diacrylic esters, photochemistry, renewable polyester

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