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Type of addressPostal address
Postal codeYO10 5DD
CountryUnited Kingdom
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  • Psychology
    University of York
    YO10 5DD

Phone: (01904) 322882

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Prof. Alan Baddeley


Prof. Alan Baddeley


  • Psychology


Phone: (01904) 322882


Cockburn High School, Leeds 1945-53
University College London 1956 B.A. (Hons) II.I Psychology
Princeton University 1957 M.A
Cambridge University 1962 Ph.D


1993 Elected Fellow of the Royal Society.
1996 Elected Honorary Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
1999 Commander of the British Empire (CBE) for contributions to the study of memory.
1999 Founding Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences.
2000 Founding Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences.
2001 APA Award for Distinguished Contribution to Science.
2008 Elected Fellow of the British Academy.

Six Honorary Doctorates


1958-1967 Scientific Staff of MRC, MRC Applied Psychology Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge
1967-1972 Lecturer (later Reader), University of Sussex, Brighton, Sussex
1972-1974 Professor of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland
1974-1995 Director, MRC Applied Psychology Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF
1987-1995 Senior Research Fellow, Churchill College, Cambridge
1991-1995 Honorary Professor of Cognitive Psychology, University of Cambridge
1995-2003 Professor of Psychology, University of Bristol
2003- Professor of Psychology, University of York

Research output

Baddeley, AD, Hitch, GJ & Allen, R 2018, 'From STS to multicomponent working memory: the role of the modal model' Memory & Cognition .
Evans, K & Baddeley, AD 2018, 'Intention, Attention and Long-term Memory for Visual Scenes: It all depends on the scenes' Cognition, vol. 180, pp. 24-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2018.06.022
Covre, P, Baddeley, AD, Hitch, GJ & Bueno, OFA 2018, 'Maintaining task set against distraction: The role of working memory in multitasking.' Psychology & Neuroscience.
Atkinson, AL, Berry, EDJ, Waterman, AH, Baddeley, AD, Hitch, GJ & Allen, RJ 2018, 'Are there multiple ways to direct attention in working memory?' Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, pp. 1-12. DOI: 10.1111/nyas.13634
Hitch, GJ, Hu, Y, Allen, RJ & Baddeley, AD 2018, 'Competition for the focus of attention in visual working memory: perceptual recency versus executive control' Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1111/nyas.13631
Baddeley, AD, Allen, R, Atkinson, A & Kemp, S 2018, 'The problem of detecting long-term forgetting: Evidence from the Crimes Test and the Four Doors Test' Cortex. DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2018.01.017
Allen, RJ, Hitch, GJ & Baddeley, AD 2018, 'Exploring the sentence advantage in working memory: Insights from serial recall and recognition' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, pp. 1-15. DOI: 10.1177/1747021817746929
Baddeley, AD 2018, Exploring Working Memory: Selected works of Alan Baddeley. World Library of Psychologists, Routledge, London.
Berry, E, Waterman, A, Baddeley, AD, Hitch, GJ & Allen, R 2018, 'The limits of visual working memory in children: exploring prioritization and recency effects with sequential presentation' Developmental Psychology, vol. 54, pp. 240-253. DOI: 10.1037/dev0000427
Mattys, S, Baddeley, AD & Trenkic, D 2017, 'Is the superior verbal memory span of Mandarin speakers due to faster rehearsal?' Memory & Cognition , vol. 46, pp. 361-369. DOI: 10.3758/s13421-017-0770-8
Baddeley, AD, Hitch, GJ & Quinlan, PT 2017, 'Is the phonological similarity effect in working memory due to proactive interference?' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.
Atkinson, A, Baddeley, AD & Allen, RJ 2017, 'Remember some or remember all? Ageing and strategy effects in visual working memory' Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2017.1341537
Baddeley, AD 2017, 'Modularity, working memory and language acquisition' Second Language Research, vol. 33, pp. 299-311. DOI: 10.1177/0267658317709852
Allen, RJ, Baddeley, AD & Hitch, GJ 2017, 'Executive and perceptual distraction in visual working memory' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.
Baddeley, AD & Hitch, GJ 2017, 'Is the Levels of Processing effect language-limited?' Journal of Memory and Language, vol. 92, pp. 1-13.
Hu, Y, Allen, RJ, Baddeley, AD & Hitch, GJ 2016, 'Executive control of stimulus-driven and goal-directed attention in visual working memory' Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 78, no. 7, pp. 2164-2175.
Baddeley, AD, Hitch, GJ, Quinlan, PT, Bowes, L & Stone, R 2015, 'Doors for memory: A searchable database' The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 69, no. 11, pp. 1-18. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1087582
Pinheiro, E, Barbosa, T, Miranda, M, Baddeley, A, Navas, A & Bueno, O 2015, 'Adaptation of the word subtest of the Reading Decision Test (RDT) for Brazilian Portuguese' Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 31-40. DOI: 10.1590/1678-7153.201528104
Allen, RJ, Castellà-Mate, J, Ueno, T, Hitch, GJ & Baddeley, A 2015, 'What does visual suffix interference tell us about spatial location in working memory?' Memory & Cognition , vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 133-142. DOI: 10.3758/s13421-014-0448-4
Campoy, G, Castellà, J, Provencio, V, Hitch, GJ & Baddeley, AD 2015, 'Automatic semantic encoding in verbal short-term memory: Evidence from the concreteness effect' The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 759-778. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2014.966248
Hu, Y, Hitch, GJ, Baddeley, AD, Zhang, M & Allen, RJ 2014, 'Executive and Perceptual Attention Play Different Roles in Visual Working Memory: Evidence From Suffix and Strategy Effects' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 1665-1678. DOI: 10.1037/a0037163
Allen, RJ, Vargha-Khadem, F & Baddeley, AD 2014, 'Item-location binding in working memory: Is it hippocampus-dependent?' Neuropsychologia, vol. 59, pp. 74-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.04.013
Allen, RJ, Baddeley, AD & Hitch, GJ 2014, 'Evidence for Two Attentional Components in Visual Working Memory' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 1499-1509. DOI: 10.1037/xlm0000002
Baddeley, A, Rawlings, B & Hayes, A 2014, 'Constrained prose recall and the assessment of long-term forgetting: The case of ageing and the Crimes Test' Memory, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1052-1059. DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2013.865753
Vredeveldt, A, Baddeley, AD & Hitch, GJ 2014, 'The effectiveness of eye-closure in repeated interviews.' Legal and criminological psychology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 282–295. DOI: 10.1111/lcrp.12013
Prendergast, G, Limbrick-Oldfield, E, Ingamells, E, Gathercole, S, Baddeley, A & Green, GGR 2013, 'Differential patterns of prefrontal MEG activation during verbal & visual encoding and retrieval' PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 12, e82936. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082936
Baddeley, A 2013, 'On applying cognitive psychology' British journal of psychology, vol. 104, no. 4, pp. 443-456. DOI: 10.1111/bjop.12049
Saeki, E, Baddeley, AD, Hitch, GJ & Saito, S 2013, 'Breaking a habit: the role of the phonological loop in action control.' Memory & Cognition , vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1065-1078. DOI: 10.3758/s13421-013-0320-y
Rao, VK & Baddeley, A 2013, 'Raven’s matrices and working memory: a dual task approach.' The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 66, no. 10, pp. 1881-1887. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2013.828314
Hurlstone, MJ, Hitch, GJ & Baddeley, AD 2013, 'Memory for Serial Order Across Domains: An Overview of the Literature and Directions for Future Research' Psychological Bulletin, vol. 140, no. 2, pp. 339-373. DOI: 10.1037/a0034221
Baddeley, AD 2013, 'Working memory and emotion: Ruminations on a theory of depression' Review of General Psychology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 20-27. DOI: 10.1037/a0030029
Allen, RJ, Hitch, GJ, Mate, J & Baddeley, A 2012, 'Feature binding and attention in working memory: A resolution of previous contradictory findings' The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 1, no. 12, pp. 1-15. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2012.687384
Rossi-Arnaud, C, Pieroni, L, Spataro, P & Baddeley, A 2012, 'Working memory and individual differences in the encoding of vertical, horizontal and diagonal symmetry' Acta psychologica, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 122-132. DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.06.007
Hofmann, W, Schmeichel, BJ & Baddeley, AD 2012, 'Executive functions and self-regulation' Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 174-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.01.006
Baddeley, A, Banse, R, Huang, Y-M & Page, M 2012, 'Working memory and emotion: detecting the hedonic detector' Journal of Cognitive Psychology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 6-16. DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2011.613820
Baddeley, A 2012, 'Working Memory: Theories, Models, and Controversies' Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 63, pp. 1-29. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-psych-120710-100422
Kemp, S, Illman, N, Moulin, CJA & Baddeley, A 2012, 'Accelerated long-term forgetting (ALF) and transient epileptic amnesia (TEA): Two cases of epilepsy-related memory disorder' Epilepsy & behavior, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 382-388. DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.04.119
Vredeveldt, A, Baddeley, A & Hitch, GJ 2012, 'The effects of eye-closure and "ear-closure" on recall of visual and auditory aspects of a criminal event' Europe's Journal of Psychology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 284-299. DOI: 10.5964/ejop.v8i2.472


A total of 11; most recent

Baddeley, A. D., Eysenck, M., & Anderson, M. C. (2009). Memory. Hove: Psychology Press.
Baddeley, AD. (2007). Working memory, thought and action. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Received BPS book award.